Eskew, Glenn T. 1997. But for Birmingham: The Local and National Movements in the Civil Rights Struggle. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Manis, Andrew Michael. 1999. A Fire You Can't Put Out: : The Civil Rights Life of Birmingham's Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
White, Tara Y. 2002. "Black women in the civil rights movement, 1954-1963: women of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights in Birmingham, Alabama." M.A. thesis, State University of New York College at Oneonta.